How many times have you made up the excuse of being unwell reluctant to explain the exact ailment when further interrogated about it and ended up lying only when pushed further, be it when you badly need the leave at office for the same, when planning an adventure trip with your guy friends, when asked to accompany to some pristine holy place or when asked by your father or brother the reason behind you lazily lying on bed whole day? Just because it is that time of the month again. The irony is that being the prime wheel in the evolution of life cycle of every new life, menstruation is considered a taboo still prevailing in our patriarchal society on which there are hushed talks carried out.
Menstruation, generally known as period, is the monthly bleeding in which there is a continual discharge of blood and mucosal tissue through the vagina as body sheds the inner lining of uterus, also called womb. The menstruation more often than not lasts for around 3 to 5 days. Every month, the uterus grows a new lining, that is, endometrium to get ready for a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus sheds its lining causing monthly menstrual bleeding. The menstrual period begin in women from the period of puberty and lasts till menopause.
Common Menstrual Problems:
1. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
It’s not uncommon for women to encounter few of the symptoms of menstruation prior to its beginning such as mild bloating and soreness in breasts but women who suffer from premenstrual syndrome face a wave of physical and emotional symptoms, namely, headaches, bloating, constipation, anxiety, acne, food cravings, depression, backaches, irritation and diarrhea. PMS is generally worst during four days before a period.
The probable cause behind the PMS is changing hormones and chemicals in body and brain respectively. It tends to disappear 2-3 days after the period begins.
2. Menstrual Cramps
These are not something which need introduction. Every woman in her life must have experienced these unwelcomed cramps accompanying her menses. Abdominal cramps are caused by prostaglandin chemical found in the body which makes the smooth muscles in uterus contract. These involuntary contractions can go from normal to sharp and dull to intense. The only good thing about the cramps is that they last for only few days.
Placing heating bottles and pads on your lower abdomen helps in relieving you from these cramps.
3. Irregular periods
The duration between menstruation periods varies in some women. Irregular periods signify that a woman is not ovulating every month and the balance of estrogen, progesterone and testosterone, that is, her female hormones maybe upset. However, “regular” differs for every woman.
Typically, the menstrual cycle of a healthy woman is of 28 days but as aforementioned, the cycles of some women can be as short as 24 days and as long as 38 days. The problem of irregular periods is mostly common when heading up to menopause.
4. Amenorrhea (Absent periods)
Amenorrhea is the condition in which there are no menstrual periods at all. Absence of menses is generally seen before puberty, during pregnancy and after menopause.
There exist two types of amenorrhea – primary and secondary. Primary amenorrhea is diagnosed when a girl has turned 16 but still not menstruated. The potential causes can be delay in puberty, issue with the pituitary gland and congenital effect of the female reproductive system. Secondary amenorrhea is when all of a sudden your menses cease for three months or longer. The reason can be attributed to fluctuating estrogen levels along anxiety, ailment, exercise and weight loss.
5. Menorrhagia (Heavy periods)
Heavy blood flow is a quite common phenomena as one in five women succumb to heavy menstrual bleeding forcing them to put on hold their normal lives just to deal with Menorrhagia. Bleeding is considered to be heavy when it invades with your day-to-day activities and periods lasting longer than average of five to seven days. The signs include changing pad or tampon every hour, blood leakage on clothes and passage of blood clots. There are multiple causes which can lead to the heavy bleeding, say, hormonal imbalances, vaginal infections, structural abnormalities in the uterus such as fibroids and polyps, and inflammation of the cervix.
6. Dysmenorrhea (Painful periods)
Besides, your menses being lighter or heavier, they can also be immensely painful as well. Menstrual cramps and ache in lower abdomen is quite common to experience but some women experience excruciating unbearable pain. When theses cramps are persistent and extremely painful, you are likely to suffering from Dysmenorrhea.
The causes behind extremely painful periods can be contributed to pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroids or endometriosis in which there is abnormal growth of tissue outside the uterus.
Menstruation is, without an iota of doubt, synonymous with every feminine so is its set of problems which are accompanied. If you also are facing any of the above menstrual problems involving increased or decreased menses, irregular periods or excessive flow of blood but too shy to confabulate about it, then take a sigh as Experts from Atiya Herbs, a unique herbal company founded by renowned Hakim Suleman Khan, are just a phone call away offering you their free of cost advice.
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