It is often advised to people to keep a check on their consumption of salt as eating too much of salt elevates the amount of sodium in your bloodstream and disrupts the balance of body reducing the ability of kidneys to excrete water. Least you would know, however, that iodine in iodized salt helps in secreting thyroid hormone, essential for the growth and development of both your body and brain.
WHAT IS THYROID?
Thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands situated at the front of neck responsible for secreting mainly two thyroid hormones, namely, thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are produced by using iodine from the foods you eat. They are essential for life and have direct effects on the metabolism, growth and development of your body.
IMPORTANCE OF THYROID:
Some of the vital functions performed by the thyroid hormones are:
·Regulating the rate at which calories are burned resulting in weight loss or weight gain
·Elevating or reducing body temperature
·Controlling the way your muscles contract
·Slowing down or speeding up the heartbeat
·Influencing the rate at which food moves through the digestive tract
·Controlling the rate at which dying cells are replaced
Because both of these T3 and T4 hormones have influence on each and every cell and organ of the body, it becomes utterly imperative to maintain their levels in body, that is, they should be neither too high nor too low. Therefore, the most common thyroid problem involves abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Apparently, the two main thyroid disorders which exist are Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.
Also known as overactive thyroid, it is a condition in which there is an excessive production of thyroxin and triiodothyronine hormones in your body, more than what is required. As a result, functions of your body such as metabolism and heart rate speed up.
Signs & Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism –
It is quite normal to not notice the signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism initially for the symptoms begin to occur slowly. But, over time, a faster metabolism can cause following symptoms:
·Weight loss, even when you’re eating more food
·Eating more than usual
·Feeling of nervousness or anxiety
·Feeling irksome or moody
·Face trouble in falling asleep
·Trembling in your hands and fingers
·Rapid or irregular heartbeat or pounding of heart
·Immense intolerance to heat
·Fewer or lighter menstrual periods
·Diarrhea or more bowel movements
·Muscular weakness and fatigue
Causes of Hyperthyroidism –
The most common cause behind this thyroid problem is an autoimmune disorder known as Graves’ disease in which antibodies produced by your immune system stimulate your thyroid to produce too much hormone. Graves’ disease occurs more often in women than in men. Women are five to 10 times more likely to develop this disease in comparison to men. The said disease runs in families, usually affecting younger women, which is suggestive of a genetic link.
Also known as underactive thyroid, it is a condition in which there is an insufficient production of thyroxin and triiodothyronine hormones in your body, less than what is needed. As a result, many functions of your body including metabolism process get slowed down.
Signs & Symptoms of Hypothyroidism –
Symptoms of hypothyroidism also develop gradually over several years. You may feel exhausted or lethargic at the initial point. Afterwards, following are some symptoms that may happen to you:
·Weight gain, even when you’re eating less food
·Feeling sad or depressed
·Pale and puffy dry skin
·Slow heart beat or pounding of heart
·Immensely sensitive to cold
·Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding
·Weakness in muscles
·Feeling of exhaustion
·Poor concentration or foggy memory
·Pain in joints
Causes of Hypothyroidism –
The most common cause behind this thyroid problem is an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis in which the antibodies produced by your body attack and destroy the thyroid gland leading to inflammation and interference in its ability to produce thyroid hormones. It is referred to as the autoimmune disorder as the immune system of body attacks its own healthy tissue. The inflammation of thyroid gland leaves a large amount of the cells of thyroid damaged or dead resulting in insufficient production of thyroid hormones.
TREATMENT OF THYROID PROBLEMS:
The aforementioned thyroid problems are bound to progress if not treated on time. There are no specific home remedies for this malady. However, the only rescue from these thyroid disorders of over-secretion or under-secretion relies in surgery. But, if you are too afraid to go under knife, you can also opt for medication and what can be better than herbal medication when it comes to medicines because being natural is the way of life. Unani medicines offered by Atiya Herbs have been very successful in effectively curing patients suffering from either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. You can also seek the advice from their specialised doctors who are available round the clock to render their gratis assistance.