What is Vaginal Discharge?
Vaginal discharge is a common affair amongst women and it’s not anything to be concerned about at most of the times. A major chunk of women experience normal vaginal discharges throughout their menstrual cycle or even before, during and post pregnancy. Cells in the vagina continuously produce bacteria and fluids which is almost equal to one teaspoon a day. The normal discharge is usually odorless and transparent whereas other less common discharges range from yellow to brown to red.
What is Brown Discharge?
Brown color of the vaginal discharge generally signifies the presence of old blood in your vaginal secretions. Brown discharge can be a condition in which one requires medical attention.
What are the Possible Causes behind Brown Discharge?
#1 – Implantation Bleeding
Implantation bleeding is one of the main common causes of brown discharge. Also known as implantation spotting, it occurs when a fertilized egg attaches itself to the uterine wall. The bleeding is often addled for menses but when inspected closely, it’s nothing like that. The discharge is not much in amount and usually is of brown or pink color. Implantation spotting generally occurs five weeks after the last menstrual cycle.
#2 – Discharge Post Menses
Brown discharge can also be seen one or two days after the whole menstrual cycle has ended. It’s the body’s way to ensure that the vagina is clean via shedding out old blood left inside. It is usually not a symptom unless other prominent symptoms are present at the time of the discharge.
#3 – Discharge during Early Pregnancy
There are some instances during the course of early pregnancy where brown discharge or spotting may occur at the time periods should be taking place. If this precise incident occurred post a woman had sex without contraceptives, the woman should take a pregnancy test in order to determine whether it is caused by early pregnancy.
#4 – Discharge as an Indicator of Miscarriage
For some hapless women, it may be a symptom signaling towards miscarriage. If brown discharge is accompanied by the heavy bleeding and severe cramps, you may have lost your baby. However, if these symptoms are not there, then there is not much to worry about. Any abnormal discharge at the time of pregnancy should instantaneously be consulted with a gynecologist.
#5 – Menopause of Perimenopause
When women approach towards menopause, they start to develop very irregular menstrual cycles. Once the women enter menopause, they no longer go through the regular period, but may experience light bleeding or brownish spotting. Atrophy causes brown discharge as well. It is a particular condition during menopause in which blood vessels situated in the uterine lining weaken and burst spontaneously, leading to blood flow and spotting.
#6 – Stretching of the Uterine Wall
Some expectant women experience brown discharge, not because of the miscarriage but due to the stretching of uterine wall. Sometimes, uterine wall bleeds as it stretches because the growing child is trying to fit in. In other mothers, the body spews out old blood which was once to protect the fetus. There is no more use of that blood, thus body decides to throw it out.
#7 – Penile Irritation
Sexually active women may develop this condition because of penile irritation in their vagina. There are cases wherein vagina is not lubricated enough for sex and the walls become bruised and irritated. This leads to the emanation of brown discharge from the vagina.
Apart from natural causes, some instances of brown discharge could be caused by Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) as well.